The student can initiate and manage complex formal and informal extended conversations on a broad range of topics. Can give and follow a complex process or procedure, highlighting key issues and responsibilities. Can give, follow and respond to extended oral presentations or reports. Can identify and use appropriate register and style for context, purpose and audience in oral and written texts. Can use discourse markers and connective devices to link and sequence ideas cohesively in both oral and written formats. May have to search for words at times but able to identify and use idioms and colloquial expressions, irony, nuance and sarcasm. Is able to read and write a range of complex or extended texts including imaginative, instructional, advisory and informative texts. Is able to express opinions both verbally and in written form clearly, expanding on ideas with explanations and examples. Is able to conduct independent research using a variety of authentic texts including newspapers, magazines, books and the Internet, recording information in an organized sequential format to be used in an oral or written response. Is able to reference sources following specified conventions.